The United States and European Union rolled out sanctions against Russia on Tuesday for poisoning and imprisoning Russian opposition leader Alexei Navalny.
“The U.S. government has exercised its authorities to send a clear signal that Russia’s use of chemical weapons and abuse of human rights have severe consequences,” Secretary of State Anthony Blinken wrote in a statement. “Any use of chemical weapons is unacceptable and contravenes international norms.”
In August, Navalny was poisoned with Novichok nerve agent in an attack which the investigative news organizations Bellingcat and The Insider—in cooperation with Der Spiegel and CNN—reported bore the hallmarks of operatives from Federal Security Service (FSB), Russia’s key intelligence agency and main successor to the KGB. On Monday, two U.N. investigators noted that toxicology tests conducted in Germany, France, Sweden and by the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons found the presence of this same nerve agent, which was developed by the Soviet Union and Russia.
“We believe that poisoning Mr. Navalny with Novichok might have been deliberately carried out to send a clear, sinister warning that this would be the fate of anyone who would criticize and oppose the Government,” Agnès Callamard, the special rapporteur on extrajudicial executions, and Irene Khan, the special rapporteur on freedom of expression, wrote in a statement. “Novichok was precisely chosen to cause fear.”
After being whisked away to Germany in a coma, Navalny returned to Russia in January, where he was promptly arrested.
“The United States has consistently characterized the legal offensive against Mr. Navalny as politically motivated, an assessment shared by our G7 partners and the European Court of Human Rights,” Blinken said, reiterating the Biden administration’s call to “immediately and unconditionally” release Navalny.
In the latest round of U.S. targeted sanctions, the Treasury Department designated seven senior Russian officials and 14 entities.
The sanctioned officials are FSB Director Aleksandr Bortnikov; Chief of the Presidential Policy Directorate Andrei Yarin, whom officials say worked to discredit Navalny; First Deputy Chief of Staff of the Presidential Executive Office Sergei Kiriyenko, reported to be Vladimir Putin’s “domestic policy curator”; Deputy Minister of Defense Aleksey Krivoruchko; Deputy Minister of Defense Pavel Popov; Federal Penitentiary Service director Alexander Kalashnikov, and Prosecutor General Igor Krasnov.
Following a 15-day congressional notification period, the Chemical and Biological Weapons Act sanctions will terminate foreign assistance except for humanitarian and food aid; arms sales and financing; U.S. government credit, and exports of national security-sensitive goods and technology, officials say.
The European Union says that their separate action marks their first use of the new EU Global Human Rights Sanctions Regime, which was established late last year on Dec. 7. They impose restrictive measures on four people, including a travel ban and asset freeze.
The GRU, Russia’s military intelligence agency implicated in 2016 U.S. election interference, has also been sanctioned in connection to Navalny.
House Speaker Nancy Pelosi heralded the announcement as a departure from the Trump era.
“President Biden is sending a strong and unmistakable message to the Kremlin and to the world: that the era of impunity for Moscow’s assault on the rule of law is over,” the California Democrat said in a statement.
“For years, Russia has accelerated a deadly campaign to jeopardize international security, erode human rights and undermine democracy, both within its borders and around the world,” Pelosi added. “The attempted murder of anti-corruption activist Alexei Navalny is a profound violation of human rights that demonstrates Moscow’s utter determination to silence the voices of reform.”
Amnesty International withdrew Navalny’s designation as a “prisoner of conscience” after the rights group described being “bombarded” with complaints of his past xenophobic comments that he had not renounced. Navalny’s defenders say that he has been subjected to a smear campaign by a Kremlin eager to discredit him.
(Photo by Omer Messinger/Getty Images)
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