Supreme Court Justice Sonia Sotomayor penned a fierce dissent on Thursday, slamming the federal government’s execution of 40-year-old Brandon Bernard. The justice said the ruling against Bernard “perversely rewards the Government for keeping exculpatory information secret.”
Bernard, one of five inmates scheduled for execution by the Trump administration during Trump’s lame-duck period, was put to death by lethal injection Thursday night. Bernard was convicted for participating in the murders of youth ministers Todd and Stacie Bagley in June 1999. Christopher Vialva, who shot the victims after forcing them into the trunk of a car, was executed in September 2020 for the crime. Here’s how the DOJ described Bernard’s role in the murders:
After Todd Bagley agreed to give a ride to several of Bernard’s accomplices, they pointed a gun at him, forced him and Stacie into the trunk of their car, and drove the couple around for hours while attempting to steal their money and pawn Stacie’s wedding ring. While locked in the trunk, the couple spoke with their abductors about God and pleaded for their lives. The abductors eventually parked on the Fort Hood military reservation, where Bernard and another accomplice doused the car with lighter fluid as the couple, still locked in the trunk, sang and prayed. After Stacie said, “Jesus loves you,” and “Jesus, take care of us,” one of the accomplices shot both Todd and Stacie in the head—killing Todd and knocking Stacie unconscious. Bernard then lit the car on fire, killing Stacie through smoke inhalation.
Bernard’s lawyers said Bernard followed Vialva’s orders out of fear of repercussion.
At the time of the crime, Bernard was 18, making him the youngest offender to be executed by the federal government in nearly 70 years. Grover Cleveland was president the last time lame-duck executions occurred.
SCOTUS declined to review Bernard’s case on Thursday, which had been on appeal from the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit. Bernard’s petition for delay of his execution had been joined Thursday former Trump impeachment lawyers Alan Dershowitz and Ken Starr.
In a 6-page dissent, Justice Sotomayor criticized the Trump administration for pressing forward with the execution with a point-by-point list of critical inadequacies in Bernard’s case. The government withheld exculpatory evidence against Bernard at trial. Prosecutors knowingly elicited false testimony against Bernard. The prosecution wrongly argued that Bernard was a violent gang member, co-equal with his fellow gangsters. Bernard’s death sentence was mistakenly predicated on a likelihood of future violent behavior.
The reality, as Sotomayor pointed out, was that the gang Bernard had been involved in was “a thirteen tier hierarchy with Bernard at the very bottom.” What’s more, the prosecution had known that at Bernard’s trial. Set off in a conspicuous footnote, the justice explained, “We now know the prosecution’s predictions about Bernard’s future dangerousness were entirely inaccurate. Bernard has not committed a single disciplinary infraction in his two decades in prison.”
The Fifth Circuit’s refusal to reconsider Bernard’s case had been based in part on the timing of the claims that were raised by the defense team.
“The Fifth Circuit got it wrong,” wrote Sotomayor. “Its illogical rule conflicts with this Court’s precedent, and it rewards prosecutors who successfully conceal their Brady and Napue violations until after an inmate has sought relief from his convictions on other grounds.”
“How exactly was Bernard supposed to have raised a Brady claim more than a decade ago,” she continued, “when he brought his first habeas petition, given that he was unaware of the evidence the Government concealed from him?”
The justice’s suggested the ruling against Bernard may have dangerous consequences in later cases. She wrote that because of the Fifth Circuit’s ruling, “prosecutors can run out the clock and escape any responsibility for all but the most extreme violations.”
Bernard’s case attracted media attention after numerous celebrities, led by Kim Kardashian, reached out to President Donald Trump in an appeal for clemency.
#BrandonBernard should not be executed:
1. He was 18 at the time.
2. He was not the shooter.
3. The prosecutor and 5 of the jurors now support clemency.
4. He’s spent decades in prison w/out a write up, helping at risk youth.
5. There’s bipartisan support for his commutation. pic.twitter.com/18GugdtuOs
— Kim Kardashian West (@KimKardashian) December 10, 2020
Reactions to Bernard’s execution have included calls to abolish the death penalty, as well as those to examine race-based disparities in death penalty cases.
Brandon Bernard should be alive today. We must end all federal executions and abolish the death penalty. In a world of incredible violence, the state should not be involved in premeditated murder. https://t.co/TeppKF667T
— Bernie Sanders (@BernieSanders) December 11, 2020
— Scott Hechinger (@ScottHech) December 11, 2020
I could go on and on about what an amazing person Brandon was. I do know he left this earth feeling supported and loved and at peace. 🕊
This just has to change: our system is so fucked up
— Kim Kardashian West (@KimKardashian) December 11, 2020
Sen. Ted Cruz (R-Texas) responded by saying it was “sickening” that people were “siding with this vicious murderer.” He specifically called out NYC Mayor Bill de Blasio.
2/x “…Todd and Stacie Bagley, on a military reservation in 1999. After Todd Bagley agreed to give a ride to several of Bernard’s accomplices, they pointed a gun at him, forced him and Stacie into the trunk of their car, and drove the couple around for hours….”
— Ted Cruz (@tedcruz) December 11, 2020
Cruz said that de Blasio “erase[d]” the Bagleys and “lionize[d]” Bernard.
6/x A jury of his peers convicted him & sentenced him to death for these horrific crimes.@BilldeBlasio you ignore & erase his victims & you lionize & apologize for a violent murderer.
That’s not right.
Justice is served when we follow the law & when we protect innocent life.
— Ted Cruz (@tedcruz) December 11, 2020
“I’m sorry,” Bernard began his last words. “That’s the only words that I can say that completely capture how I feel now and how I felt that day.”
“I wish I could take it all back, but I can’t,” he added.
According to the Associated Press, Todd Bagley’s mother Georgia thanked the Trump administration for punishing a “senseless act of unnecessary evil,” saying the executions of Bernard and Vialva have provided closure for the family.
— Paul Miles (@PaulMiles840) December 11, 2020
“The apology and remorse … helped very much heal my heart,” she said. “I can very much say: I forgive them.”
[image via Alex Wong/Getty Images]
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