(1) Does the state require everyone to report child abuse, including sex abuse? No.
(2) Does the law require coaches to report child abuse? In most cases, no. The law is silent as to volunteer coaches outside the school setting. Within the school setting, teachers, officials, and other employees of a school must report, but only if they work during “regular school hours.” Coaches who work after school hours are arguably exempt. A coach who is a school employee who works during “regular school hours” would be required to report. The law is silent as to the definition as to whether a college or university is a “school.”
(3) Does the law require college staff to report child abuse? Probably not. Though school employees and officials are required to report abuse if they work during “regular school hours,” the law is silent as to whether a university or college qualifies as a “school.” Arguably, “schools” are not the same as colleges or universities.
Notes: Montana law also expressly allows for civil damages against a mandatory reporter who fails to report.
Go back to our full analysis here.